Help with my assignment!
Read Time:6 Minute, 24 Second

Find out more about this protocol that was intended to be a machine learning project. Check out our “What Is NEAR Protocol?” to learn more. 

Covered:

  • What Is NEAR Crypto?
  • Who Created NEAR Protocol?
  • How NEAR Crypto Works?
  • What Is NEAR Token?
  • Concerns

WHAT IS NEAR PROTOCOL?

NEAR Protocol is a smart contract enabled, blockchain capable of hosting decentralized applications (DApps). It has been conceptualized as a community-run cloud computing platform. The platform is in direct competition with Ethereum in particular and is one of many up-and-coming networks that aim to replace Ethereum, hence they are termed as “Ethereum Killer”.

NEAR is an open-source, public platform that focuses on providing developers, and users, a user-friendly platform. To do this, it has introduced features like human-readable names of the accounts going away from the traditional cryptographic names. Furthermore, it enables the new users to connect with DApps and smart contracts without having the need to have a wallet.

Notable projects that are built on NEAR include Mintbase and Flux. Mintbase is an NFT (Non-Fungible Token) minting platform whereas Flux protocol allows developers to create markets based on real-world events (assets and commodities) and more. NEAR is designed to overcome some of the leading problems in a blockchain system such as low throughput, high transaction fees, etc. It has got its own unique scaling solution and for that, it employs the use of sharding technology.

Recommended: What is Harmony?

WHO CREATED NEAR PROTOCOL?

Before becoming a blockchain project, NEAR was initially created as a machine learning project. It was created in early 2017, by Illia Polosukhin and Alexander Skidanov, as NEAR.ai. The initial goal behind this project was to explore program synthesis, which is a field that involves automating programs through human specifications. While in the midst of this project, they started to experiment with programmable smart contracts. They discovered that the technology present at that time wasn’t sufficient for their demands, so they decided to create a blockchain that could overcome the limitations of present-day smart contract platforms.

The founders assembled a team, and work on the NEAR protocol officially began in August 2018. The network launched in 2020, with community operation coming into play in September of the same year. The team relies heavily on the experience and expertise of its founders. Poloshukin used to work for Google, while Skidanov was the lead engineer at MemSQL.

The vision behind the project was for it to be easy for those who have little to no knowledge of blockchain technology, by incorporating “common sense onboarding” which makes it friendly for its regular users to access DApps that are built on NEAR with a simple and similar registration process they’re already familiar with. It means that even non-blockchain users are encouraged to build and deploy DApps on the network. The name of the project is taken from the sci-fi novel, ‘The Singularity is Near’.

Recommended: NEAR Protocol Receives $150 Million In Investment Funds

HOW IT WORKS?

NEAR Protocol is a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchain that is developer-friendly, incorporates sharding and a unique and innovative consensus mechanism known as “Doomslug”. Doomslug boosts efficiency and ensures that the blocks achieve finality within seconds. NEAR is also described as a “base-layer” blockchain as the platform acts as a foundation upon which other applications can be built and deployed.

With the growing popularity of DApps, the crypto community has faced increasing scalability problems. Scalability in the context of blockchain means a network’s ability to process a huge number of transactions with reasonable cost and speed. Ethereum in particular has faced challenges in this area because of its high usage. To overcome this problem, NEAR has employed a unique architecture by incorporating a technology known as Nightshade in which scalability is achieved through “Sharding”.

Sharding is the process through which the load on the network is lessened by splitting the network into shards. Each shard creates a fraction of the upcoming block known as “chunk”. All the chunks are processed and stored on the NEAR blockchain to finalize the transactions. In this way, each and every node is not needed to run the whole network’s code. Each node is only responsible for that code that is relevant to its particular shard. In this way each shard behaves as a separate blockchain, thereby scaling the network’s capacity with the increasing number of nodes in the network. In order to attain consensus among these nodes in the network, NEAR employs a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) system. It helps assign different functions to the nodes.

NEAR is able to process close to 100,000 transactions per second (tps). Similarly, it can achieve a transaction fee that can be 10,000x lower than that of Ethereum. It also allows developers to build advanced apps since it uses a contract-based account model, and those apps can sign transactions on behalf of users without them being physically present to continue the action. Similarly, the protocol has an open-source codebase that permits the contribution of any developer.

WHAT IS NEAR TOKEN?

The native utility token of the protocol is known as “NEAR”. It can be used to perform multiple functions on the network. It is primarily used to pay for transaction fees, storage, and the numerous NEAR smart contracts that are in place. It can also be used as collateral for the storage of data on the blockchain. It is also used for incentivizing nodes on the network which means that NEAR tokens can be staked by users (token holders). These users help in attaining network consensus as transaction validators.

NEAR Token

Similarly, those developers who help create smart contracts on the platform, also receive a part of the transaction fee that is generated through their contracts. Whereas the remaining transaction fee is burned to increase the scarcity of NEAR tokens.

The total supply of NEAR tokens is 1,000,000,000 and its current circulating supply is more than 600,000,000. The protocol also supports the use of those tokens that are “wrapped” from other blockchains, in addition to NFTs as well. It also has a bridge with Ethereum, through which it enables its users to transfer ERC-20 tokens from Ethereum to NEAR.

Concerns

NEAR protocol suffers from the same concern that all the so-called Ethereum killers have to endure, which is the insane amount of competition. First and foremost, all of them are in direct competition with Ethereum itself. Secondly, the cutthroat competition among all these platforms is also a pressing concern, as the platform with the highest adoption rate and utility will most likely wipe out the existence of all others.

Ethereum’s upgrade to Ethereum 2.0 is also likely to shake things up, as it aims to rid the platform of its shortcomings. NEAR also has a considerably less adoption rate when compared to similar platforms like Polkadot, Cardano, and Solana.

Where To Buy NEAR Crypto?

You can purchase NEAR crypto through the KuCoin or Gate.io exchange, similar to how you would buy another cryptocurrency. You can either place a market buy or a limit buy. With a limit buy, you determine the price you are willing to pay, and your order gets filled once the token price reaches your limit price. If you want to get your hands on the token quickly, you can place a market order, where you agree to pay the current price and have your order filled almost immediately.

Recommended: Vitalik’s Favorite Layer 2 Solutions for Ethereum

 

The post What Is NEAR Protocol? appeared first on CryptosRus.

2 thoughts on “What Is NEAR Protocol?

  1. In 2011, Erik Finman, who is based out of the United States, was just 12 years old when he received a generous gift of $1,000 from his grandmother. Most other kids his age would use the money to buy a new smartphone or the latest video game console, but Erik decided to invest everything in Bitcoin.

    That decision had paid off big time because Bitcoin was valued at $1,200 a piece just two years later, which is when he decided to sell his Bitcoins and use the money his investment had earned him to launch an online education company called Botangle, a web venture providing video tutoring services.

    It didn’t take a long time for Botangle to catch the attention of investors, who presented Erik with a seemingly difficult choice: sell the company for either $100,000 or 300 Bitcoins. For Erik, however, there was just one answer, and you already know what it was. Yes, Erik decided to bet everything on Bitcoin one more time. Why? Perhaps because he made a bet with his parents that if he turned 18 and was a millionaire, they wouldn’t force him to go to college.

    “I can proudly say I made it, and I’m not going to college,” said Erik in an interview with CNBC. “The way the education system is structured now, I wouldn’t recommend it. It doesn’t work for anyone. I would recommend the internet, which is all free. You can learn a million times more off YouTube and Wikipedia.”

    Now he focuses on ether as an investment.

  2. LUNC hit a high of 0.000593 just a couple weeks ago and is currently sitting at 0.000198. That's a fall of approximately 66.5% in such a short period. Massive amounts of LUNC were staked once the burn system was implemented. Now that the stake period is over, it's being dumped in a classic pump and dump fashion.

    Perfect reminder that tokenomics aren't everything. Yes it can be staked/locked up, increasing demand temporarily, but at the end of the day it has no utility (projects on LUNC moved to new LUNA and UST died) and everyone knew that, but many decided to gamble on it anyway. I hope no one here fell for it.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

  • bitcoinBitcoin (BTC) $ 19,242.26
  • ethereumEthereum (ETH) $ 1,325.12
  • tetherTether (USDT) $ 0.999487
  • usd-coinUSD Coin (USDC) $ 1.00
  • bnbBNB (BNB) $ 281.04
  • xrpXRP (XRP) $ 0.435198
  • binance-usdBinance USD (BUSD) $ 0.999400
  • cardanoCardano (ADA) $ 0.432061
  • solanaSolana (SOL) $ 33.55
  • dogecoinDogecoin (DOGE) $ 0.059876